Causes of market movements

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Smelly Bowel Movements: 8 Causes and Symptoms

Stool usually does have an unpleasant smell. The odor of the feces is caused by food eaten and bacteria in the intestines. However, Smelly Bowel Movements can also be characterized by serious health problems.

What causes Smelly Bowel Movements?

Dietary changes are a common cause of Smelly Bowel Movements. Some other causes include:

Malabsorption

Malabsorption is also a common cause of foul-smelling feces. Malabsorption occurs when your body cannot absorb the proper amount of nutrients from the foods you eat. This usually occurs when there are infections or illnesses that prevent your intestines from absorbing nutrients from food.

Common causes of malabsorption include:

  • Celiac disease, which is a reaction to gluten that damages the lining of the small intestine and prevents absorption of nutrients.
  • Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), such as Crohn’s disease or ulcerative colitis.
  • Carbohydrate intolerance, which is an inability to process sugar and starch completely.
  • Lactose intolerance (milk protein).
  • Food allergies.

If you have an IBD, eating certain foods will cause your intestines to inflamed. People with IBD often complain of a foul-smelling diarrhea or constipation. People with IBD also complain of the stomach bloating after eating certain foods.

Eating Fatty Foods

Feces that are foul-smelling and look oily or fatty indicates gastrointestinal upset, especially in the digestive process of fats. Yes, if you consume a variety of fatty meats, dining, and cakes that contain a lot of butter, then do not be surprised if your stool smells bad.

Gastrointestinal infections

In addition to the consumption of unhealthy foods, digestive disorders can also cause your stool to smell bad. Celiac disease that interferes with the digestive tract, so as to not absorb nutrients well especially protein derived from gluten.

Infections that affect the intestines can cause foul-smelling feces. Gastroenteritis and ulcers of the stomach and intestines can occur after eating foods contaminated with bacteria such as Eschericia coli or salmonella, viruses, and parasites. Once you are infected, you may feel symptoms like stomach cramps and foul-smelling stool.

Eating Too Much

When you consume too much sulfur, such as meat, milk to garlic, the intestines will work overtime to digest the food.

So, the process that occurs in a vulnerable period of time will result in a gas that makes your dirt more smelly.

Even though there has been a very normal digestive process, the dirt that comes out will be very smelly because of the effect of the food.

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Eating Too Much Junk Food

According to Gina Sam, M. D, director of Gastrointestinal motility at Mount Sinai Hospital, consuming junk food can make your dirt smell.

The more you convert these foods, the more digestive gases they produce. This Gas that will make the dirt still in the intestines can produce odor many times over.

Taking certain medications or supplements

Some medications and supplements could interfere with the smell of the pup. Such as antibiotics and hormonal medications can interfere with intestinal bacteria, accelerate or slow the movement of the feces through the intestines. It can even cause malabsorption of certain nutrients resulting in smelling diarrhea.

Some supplements like Glucosamine, chondroitin and garlic are high in sulfur levels, so the bacteria in the intestines turn into sulfur gases.

Lactose Intolerance

People with lactose intolerance who consumes dairy products will usually react to causing diarrhea and is usually very smelly.

If you are lactose intolerant, lactose can pass through the intestines, causing foul-smelling diarrhea.

Other conditions

Other conditions that may cause a very smelly feces are chronic pancreatitis, cystic fibrosis, and short bowel syndrome.

Symptoms of Smelly Bowel Movements

Symptoms that can occur along with very smelling feces include:

  • Watery bowel movements or diarrhea.
  • Soft feces
  • Frequent bowel movements.
  • Abdominal pain
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Stomach Gas
  • Bloating.

A very smelling feces can be a sign of a serious medical condition. Consult a doctor immediately if you feel the following symptoms:

Thank you very much for reading Smelly Bowel Movements: Causes and Symptoms, hopefully useful.

Factors That Cause the Market to Go up and Down

It is difficult to identify specific factors that influence the market as a whole. The stock market is a complex, interrelated system of large and small investors making uncoordinated decisions about a huge variety of investments. “The market,” so to speak, is not a living entity. Instead, it is just shorthand for the collective values of individual companies.

There are basic economic principles that can help explain any up and down market movements, and with experience and data, there are more specific indicators market experts have identified as being significant.

The Basics: Supply and Demand

In a market economy, any price movement can be explained by a temporary difference between what providers are supplying and what consumers are demanding. This is why economists say that markets tend towards equilibrium, where supply equals demand. This is how it works with stocks; supply is the amount of shares people want to sell, and demand is the amount of shares people want to purchase.

If there is a greater number of buyers than sellers (more demand), the buyers bid up the prices of the stocks to entice sellers to get rid of them. Conversely, a larger number of sellers bids down the price of stocks hoping to entice buyers to purchase.

Individually, security instruments like stocks and bonds are dependent on the performance of the issuing entity (business or government) and the likelihood the entity will be valued more highly in the future (stocks) or be able to repay its debts (bonds).

Widely Accepted Market Indicators

This begs a new question: What creates more buyers or more sellers?

Confidence in the stability of future investments plays a significant role in whether markets go up or down. Investors are more likely to purchase stocks if they are convinced their shares will increase in value in the future. If, however, there is a reason to believe that shares will perform poorly, there are often more investors looking to sell than to buy. Events that affect investor confidence include:

  • Wars or other conflicts
  • Concerns over inflation or deflation
  • Government fiscal and monetary policy
  • Technological changes
  • Natural disasters/extreme weather fluctuations
  • Corporate or government performance data

For example, the largest single-day decrease in the history of the Dow Jones Industrial Average (DJIA) took place on Sept. 17, 2001. The market “lost” (traded down) 7.1% of its value. This move is largely attributed to the Sept. 11 terrorist attacks in the United States, which created a lot of uncertainty about the future. Therefore, the market had many more sellers than buyers.

What Causes Pre-Race Market Movements?

The public opinion, both professional and recreational, drives market movements. For every selection in a sporting event an opinion is made up of optimistic Backers and pessimistic Layers. As the market forms and we get closer to the start of the event (e.g. the race), the public opinion reaches a consensus. At this point the odds are at their most accurate and the phenomenon referred to as the “Wisdom of Crowds” has played it’s part.

In this article I explore the factors that may consciously or unconsciously form the public opinion in the lead up to the race.

Statistics & Form

Many punters are heavily influenced by facts surrounding the race. Some influential items of data are:

  • Horse-specific: How the age, sex, fitness, and weight-over-distance ability compares with the other horses
  • Form: F or example, the Jockey/Trainer strike rates
  • Race type: H ow horses are likely to perform on a specific race type based on their track record
  • Weather conditions: H ow the horses typically perform under the current weather conditions.

The bettor often considers such factors, and deliberately or subconsciously assign a level of importance (“a weighting”) that this has on his betting selections. Unless of course the selection is made completely at random!

Many bettors consider weather conditions to be influential and relevant. So for example he may try to base his selection(s) heavily around horses that relish a wet, muddy track and those that despise it. The same logic applies for a dry, stiff track.

Selection methods using past data can be as basic as circling horses from the Racing Post, to analysing thousands data items in Excel. And then there’s even more complex data mining techniques, too.

Outside Influences

Odds are moved by factors influencing large groups of people:

  • Commentators : T he opinion of a racing expert may affect the volume of money placed on a horse. Especially around the time the opinion was broadcast.
  • Tipsters : Professional horse racing tipsters operate with a large audience and reach out via email, phone or social media. Hundreds or thousands of people may place bets after receiving a tip, typically within a short timeframe, causing market movements to occur.
  • Insider knowledge : A taboo topic in Horse Racing, and it’s undeniably responsible in initiating many large market movements. Big money stakes backing horses at odds well above the fair value helps bring the market closer to accuracy. Following the large stakes, the odds begin to reflect a more accurate probability of the horse winning the race.

The Bookmaker

We generally associate market movements with activity on the betting exchange. But for many punters the exchange odds may as well not exist; Bookmakers are their go-to option.

Bookmaker odds provide a rough approximation of the chance each horse has in an upcoming race. It gives the public a basis to build their opinions around. However, these odds constantly change on the lead up to a race because of:

  • Priceinaccuracies. Bookmakers adjust their odds when they do not accurately reflect the real-life chance of an outcome occurring. So there are ample opportunities for bettors to pick off value odds in the hours leading up to the race — before the odds form with greater precision.
  • Risk reduction. Bookmakers hedge their risk by reducing popular pre-race prices, and boosting less-popular ones. Consequently, this reshapes the opinions held by a large section of bettors.

In addition to shaping public opinion with their odds, some Bookmakers are also said to reduce their risk by laying off horses where they’ve accepted a high stake (i.e. high risk). The exchange odds will be impacted by their activity; so will the opinion of many traders monitoring prices on the betting exchange.

With price negative movements often working against you, I recommend betting with a Best Odds Guaranteed Bookmaker.

Human Factors

Human factors influence market movements. As irrational as it can often be, our nature leads us to form opinions.

The most common human factors which influence Horse Racing markets are:

  • Superstition & random choice. Horses are chosen for the most peculiar reasons, like the name, colour, or even just a “feeling”. The choice isn’t necessarily well founded.
  • Herd mentality. O dds rise or fall as a result of momentum. Once the market has moved in one direction many bettors jump on the back of it and push the odds further in the same direction.
  • Pre-race observations : A horse’s appearance in the parade ring influences our perception. Its gait, sweating, or restiveness can impact our confidence. This is very similar to watching football players as they stand in the tunnel before a match. The public observes (and acts on) signs of strength or weakness, as tenuous as they may be.

Non-Runners

Horses declared non-runners create waves in the market. I find this the most interesting of all the factors as you can observe and analyse the changes in the market following an announcement.

In the following graph I show the impact of a non-runner on the favourite in a race starting at 13:10.
  • “NR” shows the point where our sources first alerted us of the NonRunner at 07:05:29 AM
  • By 07:40 AM the odds moved from 3.25 down to 3.0 (-8% change)
  • The odds rose to 3.2 by 07:50 before hitting an all-time low of 2.84 at 08:20 AM (-12.6% move since the NR)

To find out more on how the public opinion shapes the fair odds of a sporting outcome, read my post on the Wisdom of The Crowds theory for betting.

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